The first remains date from the Middle Ages, but they were already used before. They were nothing more than pieces of wood crossed with nails and strings to tie them to the feet. Its design did not evolve until the appearance of Mountaineering, at which time the blacksmiths of the Alpine countryside, began to work in designs based on horseshoe horseshoes.
At the beginning with the tips oriented to the ground to be able to walk on the ice, but little by little the walk went on climbing and the first designs with frontal tips appeared, allowing for a faster progression, since up At the time it was necessary to cut steps to progress.
From the incorporation of the frontal points, mountaineering evolved dramatically and the designs began to be of the most varied, although over time, it has been shown that the most versatile is still a crampon of 12 design tips more or less classic.
There are light aluminum crampons for fast ascents, without commitment or difficulties and for mountain skiing. Activities in which lightweight crampons are more than enough to progress and in which you carry in the backpack more in case than for the actual intention to use them
For climbing, more aggressive designs with more tips, vertical tips such as the leaves of the piolets, appeared but the revolution came with modular designs, which allowed to replace worn out tips, varying lengths and transforming them from bipunta to monopoint by to the most demanding scales.
Nowadays, the variety of models is very wide and there are lightweight climbing crampons that are screwed directly to a lightweight boot that reminds more of a cat's foot than a mountaineering boot. These lightweight climbing crampons are used in a timely manner for dry tooling, competition and, in general, activities of the highest difficulty. Lightweight crampons for trail running or slippers have also appeared. They are very light and they are gaining ground in the face of the massive increase of trail running practitioners and competitions in mountain terrain with snow and ice.
There are semiautomatic, automatic and belt belts.
Belt belts can be placed on any boot, but they are not suitable for slippers. They fit through a strap and plastic pieces that embrace the boot by helping with the placement, reducing the positioning time, which makes them the most widespread.
Semi-automatic crampons can be placed in rigid and semi-rigid boots. They are made up of a plastic piece that embraces the tip of the boot and an automatic skateboard that reminds you of a ski fixation. The advantage is that its placement is faster than with the straps and they do not move so much. Semi-automatic crampons are one of the most widely used for their versatility and reliability.
The automatic ones can only be placed in rigid boots with front and rear ribs. They are very fast to place and reliable, but have a more limited use of the type of boot required. The automatic ones are the most widespread use for climbing due to their reliability and absence of movement, which translates into greater precision and tact. Automatic crampons are also the best option for mountain ski boots, because its front rim is very large and does not fit well in semiautomatic crampons or straps ... it is not that it can not be, but the crampons Lightweight automatic are better and more comfortable once placed.